Accounting can support the decision-making process and management activity. The objective of a proper accounting system is to provide financial information about the business entity. Accounting gives management information regarding the financial position of the business, such as; profit and loss, cost and earnings, liabilities and assets, etc.
The objective of the business unit is maximization of profit from the commercial activities , the commercial activities or economic activities are validated through transactions , the transactions are accounted for the purpose of finding the real profit or loss from the accounting transactions, the business decisions are basically carried out through proper accounting. Through proper accounting the capital expenditure and revenue expenditure can be segregated, unless otherwise capital and revenue expenditure are segregated and accounted properly the result can’t be shown properly
The business owner invest in the business, for the purpose of wealth maximization, consistent, and accurate records enables users to assess the performance of a company over a period of time. One of the most common uses of proper accounting information is to create budgets and forecasts for business planning. In many organizations, the budget process is a staple of annual planning. By incorporating accounting data from prior years, budget preparers have a figure to start from when projecting sales and expense amounts for the upcoming year. In fact, accounting data is not only used to predict performance in future periods, but this information is also used to analyze business performance. Many small-business owners review accounting information on a monthly basis by comparing actual sales, expense and profit performance to projected performance. If there are substantial variances in projected versus actual performance, small-business owners can implement changes in the organization to correct for these differences. As such, the more frequently accounting information is reviewed, the greater chance that management will recognize small issues before they become large problems.
As we all know that different types of accounting are relevant for making business decisions. In the sense, Managerial accounting information is used by company management to determine what should be sold and how to sell it.
While financial accounting focuses on the recording of past transactions, managerial accounting is concerned with the future. One of the most common managerial accounting reports, the budget, or profit plan, is a good example. A company creates a budget at the beginning of the year in order to formalize a plan for the upcoming year. As the year progresses, actual financial information are compared with the budget, but at the end of the year the focus is still on budgeting for the next year.
For cost accounting, Manufacturing companies use cost accounting to calculate the cost of making products, determine break-even sales volumes and set optimum inventory levels. Managers need to know how much it costs to make their products to develop pricing strategies that allow the company to make a reasonable profit
An important responsibility of management is to control costs. However, to do this, managers must have predetermined standard costs of operations to use as yardsticks for measurement.
Investment plays an important role in making business decisions by proper accounting. When a company has an excess of cash, such as when receiving the proceeds of a loan or a disbursement from an investor, company management often uses accounting data to determine how to invest these funds. By examining the company’s cash projections, management can determine how much cash is needed in the short term and how much will be needed in the long term. When choosing investments, management will often review the financial statements or investment prospectus reports of the candidate investments, another use of accounting information.
Therefore, to conclude, accounting plays an imperative role in business decision making , as accounting is the starting point of facts and figures from which the management reaches the decisions to achieve the organizational goals. The reports generated by the accountant will reflect in the business plans and strategies of the top level management. Hence, the hiring authority shall prioritize to appoint an experienced and insightful accountant which ensures better performance, productivity and returns. An efficient and honest accountant helps the management with valuable professional advice for the development of its business. The efficiency of management depends on the efficient use of accounting data and information. In the developed countries accountants are regarded as efficient and successful managers. In the modem age, in big organizations accountants are included in the management committee. It can be said that accounting in managing business are interdependent. Accounting is an essential tool for management.
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